HISTORY OF IZVOARELE
The area in which the Commune of Izvoarele is situated has been for a long time a place with ancient settlements because of its good communications thanks to the river Teleajen.
The most ancient traces of settlements were found in the village of Homoraciu, which dates from the Neolithic Age (5000 – 3500 before Christ). From this point on, more settlements of different societies were discovered.
The ancient population of the Dacians constructed a citadel on the Cetățuia hill – in the village of Chiritești – whose ruins, unfortunately, cannot be seen anymore, only remains of metal objects. Still, the objects found can be seen in the Museum of History and Archaeology of Ploiești.
The Dacians were defeated by the Romans, who conquered the region. They destroyed the citadel and in the other side of the hills they built a fortress on the 2nd century AD. It was because this area was the border of their empire, and they made sure to differentiate what and who was outside and inside. Later on, at the end of the empire, a time of invasions came and different populations occupied the area. Due to a lack of a strong central power that a city could provide, the community and the villages flourished.
There is no way to know precisely when the villages of the commune were formed. But what it is known for sure is that they were inhabited by free peasants – called moșneni in Romanian – who owned the land they lived and worked on. Nowadays, the people have pride in themselves about their traditional rural independence and self-sufficiency. The Ottomans, who conquered the Balkans, came through the valley. The battle fought against them in 1602 happened close to the village of Malu Vănăt.
Then the Commune of Izvoarele went under the communist regime. The political situation accelerated the changes, and more infrastructures and modern buildings were done. Although the land was confiscated from the owners and then collectivized. In 1991 the lands were returned to the owners, making the bound between the land and the owners stronger.
Some important events in the commune
The remains of a Dacian fortress were found on Cetățuia hill.
Homorâciu commune is annexed to Izvoarele commune.
The Romanian War of Independence finished.
The Homorâciu Heroes Monument was inaugurated.
The construction of the church of the Life-giving Spring started.
A troița is erected in memory of the ones fallen in the War of Independence and World War.
The agrarian reform is legislated. The land is given to the poor.
The Communist regime confiscated the fortunes and sent Ionel Lungu and Nae Gaftoi, large landowners, to work on the Danube-Black Sea Canal.
The nationalization of land took place. The inhabitants of the commune lost their right to the areas of the mountains or of the forest.
A new territorial-administrative division of land was made on the regions and districts of Ploiești.